Article 8319

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Koznova Irina Evgen'evna, doctor of historical sciences, leading researcher, sector of cultural philosophy, Institute of Philosophy of Russian Academy of Sciences (building 1, 12, Goncharnaya street, Moscow, Russia), E-mail: 

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Background. A characteristic feature of the modern era is the increasing interest in cultural heritage. A distinctive feature of Russian culture is its literary orientation, which in turn focuses on the philosophical comprehension of the meanings and values of national life, a keen interest in the basics of human existence. This feature was in its own way perceived and defined in the Soviet era. The purpose of the study is to identify the main trends and key points related to the mastering of the heritage of the Russian literary classics in the Stalinist period, when Soviet culture mostly took shape.
Materials and methods. The study is based on the materials of the magazine “Ogonyok”, the largest illustrated weekly, which played a large role in the translation of Soviet values into the mass consciousness. The study of a variety of publications devoted to Russian writers and events of literary life – articles, notes, drawings, photos, special issues – was conducted from the early 1920s to the mid 1950s. It is based on the principle of cyclical nature of the historical and cultural process and proceeds from the idea that public interest in the heritage of the past is determined by the needs and spiritual guidelines of its present.
Results. Studying the issues of the journal for more than thirty years of its publication allows us to present the ways and forms of introducing images of the classical literary heritage into Soviet culture. Marked occurred in accordance with the heroic matrix, which played a major role in the formation of Soviet identity. This matrix was based on the class-party principle and had two successive approaches, i.e a revolutionary and a national-patriotic one.
Conclusions. The literary-centrism of Russian culture was perceived by the Soviet civilization, however, the value-semantic content underwent a serious correction. The integration of Russian classics into the Soviet culture was in close connection with ideology, in the context of changing the vision of the past by power, by creating certain clichés and canons. The many-valued potential of the Russian classics, its philosophy and focus on the formation of a national worldview were reduced and mythologized. The correspondence of the ideological aspirations of one or another writer to the tasks of building a new society came to the fore. “Ogonyok” reproduced officially recognized examples of the interpretation of the classics. The period under study can be called the political period of Russian classical literature in Soviet culture. 

Key words

culture, heritage, literature, past, magazine “Ogonyok” 


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